Parts of A Sewing Machine

Last Updated on 1 year by Susan Mayrich

Sewing machine plays a big role in the clothing manufacturing industry as the machine performs several duties such as sewing together the fabric, stitching, quilting, and embroidery.

Parts of A Sewing Machine

It is always important to know all parts of the sewing machine and its functions especially if you’re a beginner. Knowing sewing machine parts will give an idea of which part you need for a specific task.

A-List of Sewing Machine Parts

  • Spool pin
  • Handwheel
  • Needle
  • Bobbin cover
  • Feed dog
  • Bobbin Winder
  • Presser’s foot
  • Stitch Selector
  • Needle plate
  • Tension dial
  • Stitch length selector
  • Power stitch
  • Reverse stitch lever
  • Power stitch
  • Thread Guide
  • Stitch Width Selector
  • Needle clamp screw
  • Arm
  • Thread take-up lever
  • Bobbin cover release button
  • Bobbin binder spindle,
  • Bobbin winder stopper
  • Stitch width dial

Read: The 6 Types of Sewing Machines in 2021 Reviewed

Parts of A Sewing Machine
Parts of A Sewing Machine 3

What are the parts of a sewing machine and its functions?

Spool pin

The work of the spool pin is to hold the spool of thread.


This one is located on the right side of a sewing machine. Its work is to raise and lower the need.


A needle is a sharp small metal with a small hole where the thread goes. A needle is used to sew through the fabric.

Bobbin cover

A bobbin covers and protects the bobbin holder during sewing.

Feed dog

This uses its teeth to feed the fabric in the required direction.

Bobbin Winder

The work of this is to wind thread to the bobbin. It is located at the top corner of the sewing machine.

Presser’s foot

This tackles different tasks with ease such as keeping the fabric in place as you sew. There are so many different types of presser foot including All-purpose foot, Zipper foot, Satin foot, Sew-easy foot, Blind hem foot, Button stitch foot.

Stitch Selector

This allows you to choose which stitch type to use.

Needle plate

Also called a throat plate under the presser foot and the needle. This moves the fabric forward when sewing.

Tension dial (s)

The work of tension dials it to control tension on top of the thread.

Stitch-Length Selector

The stitch length dial or selector controls the length of the stitch.

Power stitch

This is located on the right side of the sewing machine. It is the off and on of the machine.

Thread Guide

This guides thread from the spool pin to the needle hole.

Stitch Width-Selector

This controls the width of the stitch on some electronic machines as well as manual sewing machines such as the zigzag stitch.

Needle clamp screw

This holds the needle in the right and actual place


Its curved part is located at the top of the needle and contains the needle operating mechanism.

Thread take-up lever

This is where the top thread passes through.

Bobbin cover release button

The release button is responsible for releasing the cover in order for access to the bobbin.

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